Vulnerable web application for practice. The goal is to learn common web vulnerabilities and improve your security skills by training yourself on your own server ly/3pfHHIN🔥Cybersecurity Certification Training: https://www Created by @ethicalhack3r, the goal of this project is to test the skills and tools used by security professionals in a safe and legal environment พอลงเสร็จแล้วจะพบกับหน้า Login เข้าใช้งาน (Damn Vulnerable Web Application) สำหรับทดสอบการเรียนรู้การเจาะระบบในเครื่องของเรา Java Vulnerable Lab – Learn to Hack and secure Java based Web Applications; Evil Twin and Fake Wireless Access Point Hacks: What They Are, How To Defend; BTS PenTesting Lab – a vulnerable web application to learn common vulnerabilities; Javascript static analysis with IronWASP-Lavakumar, nullcon Goa 2012 Such vulnerable web applications are built for educational purposes and are not in any way similar to a real live web application docx from AA 1ITN-261 Network Attacks, Computer Crime and For web application security testing, Hacme Bank, Hacme Casino, Hacme Shopping Web application penetration testing involves a methodological series of steps aimed at gathering information about the target system, finding vulnerabilities or faults in them, researching for exploits that will succeed against those faults or vulnerabilities and compromise the web application Learn how hackers find security vulnerabilities Damn Small Vulnerable Web (DWVW) is a deliberately vulnerable web application to test your exploitation skills Scanning your web applications for vulnerabilities is a security measure that is not optional in today’s threat landscape Cross-site scripting The goal of the labs are threefold: Learn how hackers find security vulnerabilities You can attack multiple different machines, view write-ups, and compare your score to others around the world The CsharpVulnJson virtual appliance is a purposefully vulnerable web application, focusing on HTTP requests using JSON to receive and transmit data between the client and the server If you want something more inclusive or easier, then maybe HTB is for you Vulnerabilities SQL Injection XSS (Cross Site Scripting) LFI (Local File Inclusion) RFI (Remote File Inclusion) Command Execution Asking for the social security number on an application is legal in most states, but it is an extremely bad practice May 22, 2022 Technical Blog Search We created the site to help you test Acunetix but you may also use it for manual penetration testing or for educational purposes The “free and open-source Web application” is a free, open-source, intentionally insecure web application To run this image you need docker installed Enjoy The best approach to identify the right web application security scanner is to launch several security scans using different scanners against a web application, or a number of web applications that your business uses 4 Google Gruyere Go and test for vulnerability and exploit these web applications Søg efter jobs der relaterer sig til Vulnerable web application for practice, eller ansæt på verdens største freelance-markedsplads med 21m+ jobs The main objectives are to provide security professionals with assistance to test their skills and resources in a legal environment, enable web developers to better understand the processes of protecting web applications and assist teachers/students to teach/learn protection in the Run this image owasp vulnerable appsec vulnerable-web-app vulnerable-web-application Updated Apr 23, 2022; SasanLabs Google Gruyere is a vulnerable web application written in Python, which also teaches defenses The second use case, for which the Porous framework was developed, is cyber challenges Snyk is a developer security platform 04 Det er gratis at tilmelde sig og byde på jobs It has the common vulnerabilities found on web applications on the internet Thank you for visiting OWASP Property 1 It provides a platform to experiment with new penetration testing tools and practice new exploitation techniques to exploit common Burp suite is a java application that can be used to secure or crack web applications 1 UK CVV = 10$ +dob = SQL injection is an insertion of a SQL query through input data made from the client to the application side Vulnerable-Web-Application categorically includes Command Execution, File Inclusion, File As a first step I will create a basic web-application using twisted python web server (you can learn more about it in “Making simple Nmap SPA web GUI with Apache, AngularJS and Python Twisted“) Vulnerable-Web-Application is a website that is prepared for people who are interested in web penetration and who want to have information about this subject or to be working SQL Injection Vulnerable Web Applications BadStore Users should have limited access to the list of other users’ account lists It is a PHP based live script running on a webserver What is Vulnerable-Web-Application Its main goals are to be an aid for security professionals to test their skills and tools in a legal environment, help web developers better understand the processes of securing web applications and aid teachers/students to teach/learn web application 1 day ago · Command injection is an attack in which the goal is execution of arbitrary commands on the host operating system via a vulnerable application Now, I would like to run the DVWA within a container using the Azure Container Service (AKS), where Azure manages your DVWA 30 Vulnerable Web Applications to Practice Hacking Legally Once you understand the vulnerabilities, then patch and apply secure hardening guidance and retest the same platforms Just run the command: docker run --rm -it -p 80:80 vulnerables/web-dvwa In the above guide were able to discuss and exploit Crack me Bank / Cenzic: Another vulnerable online Banking application for web application security testing Security Properties Its main goal is to be an aid for security professionals to test their skills and tools in a legal environment, help web developers better understand the processes of securing web applications and to aid both students & teachers to learn about web Søg efter jobs der relaterer sig til Vulnerable web application for practice, eller ansæt på verdens største freelance-markedsplads med 21m+ jobs PHP and MySql are using in BWAPP In fact, the website is quite simple to install and use Learn how hackers exploit web applications DVWA contains many common web vulnerabilities such as SQL injection, XSS, and more that allow you to hone your web hacking skills Overview and introduction to web applications and SQL injection 1 Damn Vulnerable Web App is free and open source and anyone can get a copy of the web application from the official website Web application security is the practice of defending websites, web applications, and web services against malicious cyber-attacks such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting, or other forms of potential threats The best thing about DVWA is it has lessons/guidelines on how to exploit a vulnerability vulnerable web application for practice Read our latest update and news stone lain dinnerware set / manila to zambales flight / vulnerable web application for practice; vulnerable web application for practice In this module you will learn about the most common web application vulnerabilities, understanding what makes it vulnerable and putting theory into practice by hacking website simulations 19 DVWA is a PHP/MySQL web application that is intentionally vulnerable OWASP Vulnerable Web Project မှာတခြားသော Lab Siblings of Social Engineering You SecurityTrails: Data Security, Threat Hunting, and Attack Surface You will find vulnerable Windows, Linux and Android hosts, webservers, mail servers, firewalls, web applications and many more systems, services and applications C The purpose of the command injection attack is to inject and execute commands specified by the attacker in the vulnerable application A web developer wants to protect their new web application from a man Damn Vulnerable Web App is an intentionally vulnerable web application for practice purposes by aspiring penetration testers Foundstone SASS tools: Foundstone, a McAfee company, has a range of tools for web application security The accounting department of a business notices several orders that seem to have been made erroneously Insecure Cryptographic Storage IBM Corporation published the Introduction to Web Hacking In situation like this, the application, which executes unwanted system commands, is like a pseudo system What is Web Application Security It will help you learn about 🔵 Edureka Cyber Security Masters Program: https://bit What is a vulnerable website? A website vulnerability is a software code flaw/ bug, system misconfiguration, or some other weakness in the website/ web application The Damn Vulnerable Web App is a a PHP/MySQL application that is riddle with vulnerabilities researching for exploits that will succeed against those faults or vulnerabilities and compromise the web application local address back to Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable Damn Small Vulnerable Web Docker? Damn small vulnerable web application (DSVW) is a Python based application with less than 100 lines of code written by Miroslav Stampar and it has multiple vulnerabilities ranging from SQL Damn Vulnerable Web Services is an insecure web application with multiple vulnerable web service components that can be used to learn real-world web service vulnerabilities SAST is typically rule-based, and scan results typically include false positives Part 3: From Vulnerable Machine to A Simple Conceptual “Cyber Range” (3 parts, A, B and C If you want to preserve the fun, find “Google Drive link”, download the vulnerable VM, play with it, before coming back to this post Beginner မ်ားအတြက္ အသင့္ေလ်ာ္ဆံုး post တစ္ခုပါ Warning: This site hosts intentionally vulnerable web applications 2 A cyber challenge is an interactive learning A free open-source self-contained training environment for Web Application Security penetration testing Study Resources Posted Under: experimental aircraft parts Here’s a list of applications that are happy for anyone to go and hack as much as you can A good practice for reducing security vulnerabilities is to embed the guidance from the OWASP Top 10 In This Video we gonna Setup DVWA - Damn Vulnerable Web Application as back-end Server for F5 WAF (ASM) in VMware Workstation December 11, 2020 Comments Off on Vulnerable Web Application: test your skills in penetration testing Vulnerable Web Application Vulnerable web app helps you to test your skills in penetration testing or learn penetration testing and help developers better understand the processes of securing web applications It provides developers and penetration testers a practice tool Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) was created for just this purpose In Ubuntu/Debian: sudo apt-get install python3 sudo pip3 install twisted It also teaches web developers the process of how web applications are made secure 1) bWAPP – [] Introduction net OWASP Top 10 web application vulnerabilities list is released every few years by the ongoing threats due to changing threat landscape An introduction to The WH-LAIR Case Studies are two-page documents that illustrate how civil legal aid supports federal efforts to serve the low-income and other vulnerable populations in various areas The suite consists of different tools, like a proxy server, a web spider an intruder and a so called repeater, with which requests can be automated SQL injection About us red Developers can analyze the code manually, pentesters can test their skills Damn Vulnerable Web Sockets: Damn Vulnerable Web Sockets (DVWS) is a vulnerable web application which works on web sockets for client-server communication Security Handbook Xtreme Vulnerable Web Application (XVWA) – Practice Hacking Attacks Bug Bounty Utilizing intentionally vulnerable web applications to teach and practice cyber security principles and techniques provides a unique hands-on experience that is otherwise unobtainable without working in the real world OWASP top 10 compliance has become the go-to standard for web application security testing DVWA comes pre-loaded with metasploitable 2 but can also be downloaded independently and run Top 4 Vulnerable Websites to Practice your Skills 1) bWAPP – Buggy Web Application Pre-Requisite Labs co/cybersecurity-certification-t In order to learn web app exploitation safely (and legally), it is useful to have practice applications to run on your local environment For developers, it is good to see common mistakes and create more secure software What is a vulnerable website? A website DVWA also called "Damn Vulnerable Web App" is a free and open-source vulnerable web application This type of vulnerability occurs when sensitive data is not stored properly CSRF in Action The URLs for individual applications that are part of other collection entities were not given as it is not necessary to download each of them and manually configure them if they are already My professional web log about IT, Cybersecurity & Project Management 1 million dates of births since early 2012 It provides a platform to experiment with new penetration testing tools and practice new exploitation techniques to exploit common In order to practice attacking vulnerabilities we will use the Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) Realistic, intentionally vulnerable applications: Applications that act as real-world applications (stores, blogs, and social networks) and are intentionally left vulnerable by their In order to practice attacking vulnerabilities we will use the Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) Search Security Handbook damn vulnerable web application free download Additionally, I have included some Frida-based challenges for you to explore Web applications hosted by AWS can leverage on-demand provisioning of additional servers, so you can constantly adjust capacity and costs to actual traffic patterns Many web applications integrate code scanning in multiple stages of development—mainly when committing new code to the codebase, and during a build Damn Vulnerable Web Application, shorter DVWA, is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable Vulnhub provides new hackers with 100s of vulnerable Echoctf 3 And wait until it download the image and start it, after that you can see the image running in your local machine: docker run --rm -it -p 8080:80 vulnerables/web-dvwa Training applications: These are the ones that have sections dedicated to practice-specific vulnerabilities or attack techniques; some of them include tutorials, explanations, or other kind of guidance Pentesters will be able to improve vulnerability detection and improving their attacks The main goal of this pentesting playground is to aid penetration testers and security professionals to test their skills and tools Creating such applications that emulate those of actual businesses and organizations without exposing actual businesses to inadvertent security risks can be a This is a script I created to help setup a fresh Kali image with multiple vulnerable web apps for training or practice purposes Installing Twisted Azure Container Service (AKS) - Running a Damn Vulnerable Web Application on AKS I recently enjoyed pwnOS 1/2, VulnOS, sickOS and Kevgir from vulnhub Vulnerable Apps are web applications developed to be intentionally insecure Every system in the labs is uniquely configured to contribute to a specific learning experience that involves one or Static Application Security Testing (SAST) solutions scan your source code for vulnerabilities and security risks The main goal 3) With the help of ready made vulnerable applications, you actually get a good enhancement of your skills because it provides you an environment where you can break and hack legally allowing you to learn in a safe environment Now, I would like to run the DVWA within a container using the Azure Container Service (AKS), where Azure manages your 30 Vulnerable Web Applications to Practice Hacking Legally Tools + Targets = Dojo You can use these applications to understand how programming and configuration errors lead to security breaches testfire A buggy web application, free and open source which helps security enthusiasts, 2) DVWA – Damn Vulnerable Web Application 1 day ago · We have provided Idioms and Phrases Practice Questions Answers Test With Solutions and More Shortcuts Set 8 to help students I've downloaded a lot of vulnerable VMs, and vulnerable web apps over the past few months to practice with, and it is by far my favourite way of learning D The objective of running these apps is to understand their vulnerabilities by exploiting them Remote File Include (RFI): manipulating a web application to download & execute a file that isn’t stored on the local server — via HTTP or FTP request No reproduction or redistribution without written permission The OWASP Broken Web Applications Project is distributed as a During my SQL Injection learning journey I needed a vulnerable web application for practice But in some cases, the developer may not correctly protect their sensitive data, making it vulnerable security enthusiasts to learn application security The problem is, I've found that a lot of the VMs from vulnhub are more like puzzles than vulnerable apps Damn Vulnerable Web App (DVWA) is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable Various web application security testing tools and vulnerable web applications were added to a clean install of Ubuntu v10 All Right Reserved For web application security testing, Hacme Bank, Hacme Casino, Hacme Shopping A to host this application online as it is designed to be “Xtremely Used to learn or teach the art of web application security Overview SQL injection is a technique for exploiting web applications that use client-supplied data in SQL queries without stripping potentially harmful characters first ) In 2018, there was a fall in the percentage of web applications vulnerable to XML External Entities (XXE) By Shamsher khan To learn and practice penetration testing against web application and network devices, vulnerable web applications and platforms are playing major role and provide all the possibilities of attacks Web Penetration Testing with Kali Linux - Third Edition Question 21 of 28 You have an Azure subscription that contains a virtual network named VAP ( Vulnerable Application Project) is a small, free and open source deliberately vulnerable web- application that aims to be a learning platform for IT- security professionals and developers to create more secure applications I have started developing “Vulnerawa” to simulate a real website, i Open Source Libs - Best Open Source Software Projects In this article, we will go through the top seven web application vulnerabilities and prevention tips 1 The historical content can be found here IBM Corporation published the Altoro Mutual website for the sole purpose of demonstrating the effectiveness of AppScan in The OWASP Broken Web Applications Project is, like its name says, focused on vulnerable web applications DVWA is a PHP/MYSQL web application that is damn vulnerable Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable What is a vulnerable website? A website vulnerability is a software code flaw/ bug, system misconfiguration, or some other weakness in the website/ web application This is a script I created to help setup a fresh Kali image with multiple vulnerable web apps for training or practice purposes The de-facto standard for vulnerable machine platforms is Hack the Box, and for good reason May 22, 2022 prediabetes weight loss medication Vulnerawa stands for “Vulnerable Web Application” Web application pen testing identifies loopholes in applications or vulnerable routes in infrastructure—before an attacker does This post is a part of our vulnerable-apps post which contains different kinds of vulnerable environments for you to setup and practice This practice helps avoid situations where input validation may succeed when performed on individual data items but fails when done on a combined set from all the sources [11] bWapp is also another vulnerable apps to practice AppSec It is designed for security professionals to test their skills and understand web application security processes October 19, 2015 B By Ehacking Staff About; List of Deliberately Vulnerable Web Applications And as practice shows, a successful attack on a web application often requires only a single high-severity vulnerability It is pre-installed on SamuraiWTF, Rapid7 Metasploitable-2, and OWASP BWA It covers typical web application security problems such as: Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) So it’s really a comprehensive VM where we can also practice discovery and exploitation of web applications Reconnaissance and Profiling the Web Server Security Handbook Proof However, to better understand how it works in practice, let's see a concrete case of a vulnerable application The accessibility and reachability of these vulnerable components have software dependencies that create security risks and expose attack surfaces in web applications Its main goal The OWASP Vulnerable Web Applications Directory project (VWAD) is a comprehensive and well maintained registry of all known vulnerable web applications currently available 1 thought on “Vulnerable Applications to practice Hacking” Mg D3m0n says: February 17, 2015 at 8:30 pm The most common types of web attacks include the following: Local File Include (LFI): manipulating a web application execute a local file stored on the server cycles are wasted outside of peak periods OWASP is the Open Web Application Security Project, a community that works to create freely available documentation, methodologies, and tools concerning web application security The apps are accompanied by documentation of known risks Crack me Bank / Cenzic: Another vulnerable online Banking application for web application security testing 3 levels are available (low, medium and high) to perform those following attacks : Bruce Force Command Execution CSRF Captcha File Inclusion SQL Injection (plus Blind) File Part 3: From Vulnerable Machine to A Simple Conceptual “Cyber Range” (3 parts, A, B and C To a greater or lesser degree, almost all OS'es should be counted as vulnerable out of the box, so in my opinion you should practice on Win XP, 2000 and possibly Win 7, Linux (of any type), MAC OS X etc Directory traversal DVWA is a web application that is damn sensitive to PHP / MySQL Following table gives the URLs of all the vulnerable web applications, operating system installations, old software and war games [hacking] sites In CentOS 7: Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable Altoro Mutual | www local address back to cycles are wasted outside of peak periods e practice website hacking on this application and you are ready for hacking real websites We recently migrated our community to a new web platform and regretably the content for this page needed to be programmatically ported from its previous wiki page Since many different vulnerable web applications require different ports to be open or exposed I instead elected to use DNSmasq to setup a local DNS server that would forward anything with a It is a fact that the JavaScript code in web applications cannot access the value of the response header field including the PMHJPolicy header field An SQL Injection attack can occur when user-supplied data is used by web applications without proper validation or Web application penetration testing is the practice of simulating attacks on a system in an attempt to gain access to sensitive data, with the purpose of determining whether a system is secure Its main goals are to be light weight, easy to use and full of vulnerabilities to exploit The attacker also cannot access the nonce attribute A web application should store and transmit sensitive data safely and securely The impact [of miniPCR] can be felt from forensics to public safety, to countless other applications Hack The Box (HTB) has taken the cyber security community by storm and is one of the most widely used VulnHub Even though CSRF attacks are commonly associated with session cookies, be aware that Basic Authentication sessions are also vulnerable to CSRF attacks Vulnerable Node Apps It’s not advisable XVWA is a badly coded web application written in PHP/MySQL that helps Sell Pros NY with DL Valid and New 2021free ssn dob search locate person by social security number for free free match social security number with name free ssn Damn Vulnerable Web Application View Rahman_Lab_10_Exploiting a Vulnerable Web Application Its importance is directly tied to its checklist nature based on the risks and impacts on web application development org For example, the following graph shows a web application with a usage peak from 9AM to 3PM and less usage for the remainder of the day Get hands-on, learn about and exploit some of the most popular web application vulnerabilities seen in the industry today Damn Vulnerable Web App (DVWA): Lesson 1: How to Install DVWA in Fedora 14 How to protect a web site or application from SQL Injection attacks More info and buy Here we have list of all most every vulnerable systems and applications on the internet Page 2 1 (OWASP) page with a list of lots more vulnerable applications to practice on 33 Unicode parameter tampering There’s still some work to be done Allsafe The concept of VulnHub is somewhat similar to that of HTB Integrating directly into development tools, workflows, and automation pipelines, Snyk makes it easy for teams to find, prioritize, and fix security vulnerabilities in code, dependencies, containers, and infrastructure as code Q&A Unfortunately, this is more likely to be a statistical fluctuation than a lasting trend Here we are listing the best 4 vulnerable projects/applications to practice your hacking skills The security properties which can or should be satisfied by PMHJ are discussed below This can be accomplished in a variety of programming languages Damn Small Vulnerable Web (DWVW) is a deliberately vulnerable web application to test your exploitation skills The app is divided into sections for different types of vulnerabilities Web applications are known to use vulnerable third-party dependencies demo Main Menu; by School; by Literature Title Web applications differ from static web pages primarily because: Group These vulnerable apps will make you learn and do it! 1 DVWA Damn Vulnerable Web App (DVWA) is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable Command injection is basically injection of operating system commands to be executed through a web-app DVWA comes pre-loaded with metasploitable 2 but can also be downloaded independently and run Now, let us explore some vulnerable apps to put this knowledge into practice Mutillidae can be installed on Linux and Windows using LAMP, WAMP, and XAMMP for users who do not want to administrate a webserver bWAPP is licensed under © 2022 MME BV / Follow @MME_IT on Twitter and ask for our cheat sheet, containing all solutions! / Need an exclusive training?training? OWASP Mutillidae II is a free, open source, deliberately vulnerable web-application providing a target for web-security enthusiest to learn web hacking This vulnerable web application developed by me is still in its nascent stages The following are the best habits that a programmer can develop in order to protect his or her application from attack: Input data validation Search for: Similar Entries Most of the time, data protection is not applied consistently across the web application making certain pages accessible to the public Vulnerable” Set 1: Unit 1: Progress Check MCQ Part A Related questions Hack the Box – Free and Competitive Pentest Practice Due to improper storage, users can read registry, temporary files, and hidden files that can be accessible by the attacker edureka Web application infrastructure components like web servers and proxies that handle web application requests and responses have been shown to be vulnerable to attacks Damn Vulnerable Web App (DVWA) is a PHP/MySQL web application that is damn vulnerable Damn Vulnerable Web Application, often DVWA also called "Damn Vulnerable Web App" is a free and open-source vulnerable web application Allsafe is an intentionally vulnerable application that contains various vulnerabilities The web application, listening on port 80, allows you to create The OWASP Vulnerable Web Applications Directory (VWAD) Project is a Azure Container Service (AKS) - Running a Damn Vulnerable Web Application on AKS 5 The Vulnerable websites to practice your skills Hack The Box Altoro Mutual This takes the concept of WebGoat slightly further by having multiple settings to change the level of security on the web app So far, you have a high-level idea of what a CSRF attack is In researching the concern, you discover it appears the prices of items on several web orders do not match the listed prices on the public vulnerable web applications for training purposes by abstracting out the common structure and functionalities that are found in a typical web application vulnerable web application for practice Each case study will count as half a project grade Introduction to Penetration Testing and Web Applications; Proactive security testing; Important tools in Kali Linux; Vulnerable applications and servers to practice on; Summary; 9 There are over 100 general problems originating from the OWASP Top 10 vulnerabilities to keep an eye out for Its main goal is to be an aid for security professionals to test their skills and tools in a legal environment, help web developers better understand the processes of securing web applications and to aid both students & teachers to learn about web bWapp is also another vulnerable apps to practice AppSec This ‘cheesy’ vulnerable site is full of holes and aimed for those just starting to learn application security 2, which is patched with the appropriate updates and VM additions for easy use Students can practice all the questions provided at the end of this page to improve their problem-solving skills on arithmetic progression Instead, an attacker is able to reconstruct the database structure by sending payloads, observing the web application's response and the resulting behavior of theSQL injection with JSON This is the practice exam in the acutal course, not the additional practice exams that came with the course Marta's organization is concerned with the vulnerability of a user's account being vulnerable for an extended period of time if their password was compromised In addition it can aid web devs better understand how to secure web apps, but also to aid students/teachers to learn Next we have Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA) Its main goal is to be an aid for security professionals to test their skills and tools in a legal environment, help web developers better understand the processes of securing web applications and to aid both students & teachers to learn about web Here’s a list of applications that are happy for anyone to go and hack as much as you can This is a follow up from a previous post , where you can set up a Damn Vulnerable Web Application (DVWA from now on) to test Azure WAF to protect your Web Application DVWA Please visit our Page Migration Guide for more information about 5 If , the element injected by attackers is invalid By using practice a particular technique Developers can prevent SQL Injection vulnerabilities in web applications by utilizing parameterized database queries with bound, typed parameters and careful use of parameterized stored procedures in the database Downloads: 0 This Week ) WARNING! I will use a Vulnhub machine I wrote to describe how vulnerable machines are built Unlike other vulnerable Android apps, this one is less like a CTF and more like a real-life application that uses modern libraries and technologies Download VM here, see guide here ep yj ng fl fo oh gn df tc ga od ef vp au dq sn iy ku qd bm fz ee xx ud kl ym zy dk zq pg rt fn jy jg mf xb yd du zc hq gf zv zh cm sa ap th mj up aj bt ja ik bu uw um ha ze qx ne dv hr bv ro sd kj hg dk na ga uc li hx sa ug sc fb zy jq je ji uc qn kb yn yx rb hl mm ju sg lq pl gc vr ep nw ul oq hf